The Effect of Vacuum Films on Physicochemical and Microbiological Characteristics of Hanwoo (Korean native cattle)

Hwan Hee Yu1, Sung Hun Yi2, Sang-Dong Lim2, Sang-Pil Hong2,*
Author Information & Copyright
1Food Standard Research Center, Korea Food Research Institute, Wanju 55365, Korea.
2Research Group of Traditional Food, Korea Food Research Institute, Wanju 55365, Korea.
*Corresponding Author: Sang-Pil Hong. E-mail:

© Copyright 2023 Korean Society for Food Science of Animal Resources. This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Received: Jan 16, 2023 ; Revised: Feb 08, 2023 ; Accepted: Feb 09, 2023

Published Online: Feb 09, 2023


The objective of this study was to investigate the physicochemical and microbiological characteristics of round of Hanwoo by vacuum packaging film materials, polyvinylidene chloride (PVDC) and ethylene vinyl alcohol (EVOH). The packaged beef samples were stored in refrigerated conditions (2±1°C) for 12 weeks. Physicochemical analysis with pH, surface color, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) values, and volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) values and microbiological analysis with aerobic plate count (APC) and metagenomic analysis of packaged beef samples were performed. The pH and surface color did not change substantially during the 12 weeks and EVOH-packaged beef tended to be lower than those of PVDC-packaged beef. PVDC- and EVOH-packaged samples showed low TBARS and VBN values below standard limits. APC did not exceed 7 log CFU/g for both samples during storage. In metagenomic analysis, Firmicutes and Lactobacillaceae were dominant phylum and family of the PVDC- and EVOH-packaged beef. In both packaged samples, Dellaglioa algida was the dominant species during storage, with the notable difference being the presence of Lactococcus piscium. Therefore, this study provided the information on the quality of vacuum-packaged beef according to different vacuum films for long-term refrigerated storage.

Keywords: Hanwoo; physicochemical analysis; microbiological analysis; metagenome analysis; vacuum packaging

FSAR Special Section Invitation

We are pleased to invite you to submit special section paper for Food Science and Animal Resources (FSAR). Both full-length research articles and review articles are welcome for the following issues.

 - Benefits: All the accepted papers for the special topics are eligible for the 50% article processing charge (APC) discount.
 - Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 May 2023

The topics of interest for the special issue include:
 ■ Innovative strategies to improve the quality of animal-based products
  (Editor: Dr. Young Min Choi)
  - Application of proteomics and lipidomics in quality of meat and milk products
  - Functional ingredients and additives for structure formation
  - Meal kits and home meal replacement (HMR), Etc.

 ■ Innovative safety and freshness control of animal-based products
 (Editor: Dr. Changsun Choi)
  - High pressure processing
  - Plasma technology
  - Advanced active packaging and sensor technology (quality indicator, time-and temperature indicator, etc)
  - Edible coating, etc.

I don't want to open this window for a day.