Study on the digestion-induced changes in the characteristics and bioactivity of Korean native and overseas cattle-derived peptides
Received: Jul 14, 2023 ; Revised: Sep 01, 2023 ; Accepted: Sep 27, 2023
Published Online: Oct 05, 2023
This study was conducted to compare and analyze the changes in the biochemical characteristics and biological activity of peptide extracts derived from Chickso, Hanwoo, and Wagyu beef during digestion. The results of the in vitro digestion analysis revealed that the digestion rate, total free amino acid content, and antioxidant and antihypertensive activities of Chickso loin and shank myofibrillar proteins were significantly higher (p < 0.05) than those of Hanwoo and Wagyu loin and shank myofibrillar proteins. Particularly, the peptide extracts of Chickso loin and shank had a high angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitory activity. In mice in vivo digestion experiment, the blood serum of mice fed with Chickso loin peptide extract (< 10 kDa) showed the highest antioxidant enzyme activity. Thus, Chickso peptide extracts was deemed to be similar or more bioactive than Hanwoo and Wagyu peptide extracts, and can be used as bioactive materials.