A comparative study on the adipogenic and myogenic capacity of muscle satellite cells, and meat quality characteristics between Hanwoo and Vietnamese yellow steers

Nguyen Thu Uyen1,, Dao Van Cuong2,, Pham Dieu Thuy2, Luu Hong Son3, Nguyen Thi Ngan2, Nguyen Hung Quang2, Nguyen Duc Tuan3, In Ho Hwang1,*
Author Information & Copyright
1Department of Animal Science, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju 54896, Korea.
2Faculty of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Thai Nguyen University of Agriculture and Forestry, Quyet Thang, Thai Nguyen 24119, Viet Nam.
3Faculty of Food Science and Technology, Thai Nguyen University of Agriculture and Forestry, Quyet Thang, Thai Nguyen 24119, Viet Nam.

† These authors contributed equally to this work.

*Corresponding Author: In Ho Hwang. E-mail:

© Copyright 2023 Korean Society for Food Science of Animal Resources. This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Received: Mar 28, 2023 ; Revised: May 02, 2023 ; Accepted: May 03, 2023

Published Online: May 23, 2023


Myogenesis and adipogenesis are the important processes determining the muscle growth and fat accumulation livestock, which ultimately affecting their meat quality. Hanwoo is a popular breed and its meat has been exported to other countries. Providing the consumers in the beef importing countries with mechanisms related to its meat quality is necessary to promote the commercialization of Hanwoo beef. This study aimed to compare the myogenesis and adipogenesis properties in satellite cells, and meat quality between Hanwoo and Vietnamese yellow cattle(VYC). Same 28-months old Hanwoo (body weight: 728±45kg) and VYC (body weight: 285±36kg) steers (n=10 per breed) were used. Immediately after slaughter, tissue samples were collected from longissimus lumborum(LL) muscles for satellite cells isolation and assays. After 24 h post-mortem, LL muscles from left carcass sides were collected for meat quality analysis. Under the same in vitro culture condition, the proliferation rate was higher in Hanwoo compared to VYC (p<0.05). Fusion index was almost 3 times greater in Hanwoo (42.17%), compared with VYC (14.93%) (p<0.05). The expressions of myogenesis (MYF5, MYOD1, MYOG and MRF4)- and adipogenesis (PPARγ)-regulating genes, and triglyceride content were higher in Hanwoo, compared with VYC (p<0.05). Hanwoo beef had a higher intramuscular fat and total monounsaturated fatty acids contents than VYC beef (p<0.05). Whilst, VYC meat had a higher a*(redness) value and total polyunsaturated fatty acids content (p<0.05). Overall, there was a significant difference in the in vitro culture characteristics and genes expression of satellite cells, and meat quality between the Hanwoo and VYC.

Keywords: satellite cell; myogenesis; adipogenesis; fat; meat quality

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