Hydrolysis Conditions of Porcine Blood Proteins and Antimicrobial Effects of Their Hydrolysates
Received: Jun 4, 2019 ; Revised: Dec 3, 2019 ; Accepted: Dec 23, 2019
Published Online: Jan 17, 2020
In the present study, we determined the degree of hydrolysis of porcine blood plasma proteins, albumin, and globulin hydrolyzed by six proteases (alcalase, neutrase, flavourzyme, protamex, trypsin, and papain) for various reaction times. Moreover, antimicrobial activities of hydrolysates against five pathogenic microorganisms (Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella Typhimurium, Escherichia coli, and Shigella flexneri) were investigated. Alcalase, trypsin, and papain hydrolysates of the three porcine blood proteins showed higher degree of hydrolysis values than hydrolysates produced by the other three proteases. Degree of hydrolysis of the three porcine blood proteins hydrolyzed by the six proteases failed to increase after 2 h of hydrolysis. In antimicrobial tests, hydrolysates (hydrolysis time of 2 h) showed antibacterial activity only against B. cereus. Albumin hydrolysates showed higher antimicrobial activity than globulin and plasma hydrolysates. Albumin hydrolysates obtained with flavourzyme, protamex, and trypsin showed higher antimicrobial activity than those obtained with the other three proteases.