Effects of loquat (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.) leaf extract with or without ascorbic acid on the quality characteristics of semi-dried restructured jerky during storage
Received: Jan 24, 2022 ; Revised: Apr 04, 2022 ; Accepted: Apr 12, 2022
Published Online: Apr 20, 2022
Deterioration of jerky during storage is a major concern; this is usually combated with natural or synthetic antioxidants. This study aimed to evaluate the quality characteristics of semi-dried restructured jerky with and without loquat leaf extract (LE) and ascorbic acid (AA) during storage for 180 days. LE is a phenolic compound, whose 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydarzyl radical scavenging activity and metal chelating activity were found to be higher than AA. All antioxidant combinations having higher LE concentration and containing AA were effective in delaying protein and lipid oxidation compared to the control or AA. At the end of storage period, LE 0.15-AA and AA had higher CIE a* value and lower shear force than the control. Therefore, the combination of 0.15% LE and 0.05% AA can result in reduced protein and lipid oxidation without any negative effect on the quality characteristics of semi-dried restructured jerky.