Quality Properties of Bulgogi Sauce with Crust Derived from Dry-Aged Beef Loin
Received: Jul 27, 2020 ; Revised: Nov 23, 2020 ; Accepted: Nov 25, 2020
Published Online: Dec 07, 2020
This study aimed to determine the physicochemical properties (proximate composition, color, pH, salinity, water holding capacity (WHC), curing yield, and shear force) and sensory properties (electric nose and sensory evaluation) of Bulgogi sauce with added crust derived from dry-aged beef loin. Increasing the amount of crust in the Bulgogi sauce tended to increase the protein content, fat content, and pH. Uncooked Bulgogi also tended to have elevated fat content, ash content, pH, and shear force. Increasing the crust content tended to decrease the water content, lightness, redness, and yellowness of Bulgogi sauce. The yellowness of uncooked Bulgogi with 6–12% crust in sauce was significantly lower than that of the control (no crust) and the sample with 3% crust in sauce (p<0.05). The redness of the cooked control Bulgogi was significantly lower than that of the samples with crust in sauce (p<0.05). The WHC of uncooked Bulgogi with 6–12% crust in sauce was significantly higher than that of the control and the sample with 3% crust in sauce (p<0.05). The flavor, texture, and overall acceptability of the Bulgogi with 9% crust in sauce were significantly higher than those of the control (p<0.05). These findings showed that the crust did not degrade the physicochemical properties of Bulgogi sauce and meat. The sensory characteristics of Bulgogi marinated with 9% crust in sauce were rated the best as persensory evaluation. Therefore, crust is a suitable flavor enhancer for Bulgogi sauce, and a 9% addition amount is optimal in terms of quality.