A novel multiplex-PCR assay to detect three non-halal meats contained in meatball using mitochondrial 12S rRNA gene
Received: Feb 27, 2020 ; Revised: May 11, 2020 ; Accepted: May 28, 2020
Published Online: Jun 05, 2020
The objective of this study was to detect three non-halal meat products consisted of dog, pork, and rat species in beef meatball using novel multiplex-PCR with 12S rRNA gene as target sites. A total of 33 self-made meatballs were used, and they were grouped into eleven types of meatball based on meat species origin contained in the meatballs. Each type consisted of three meatballs. Extraction of genomic DNA from the meatballs was used as a DNA template for simplex-, duplex-, and multiplex-PCR processes. The result of simplex-PCR, duplex-PCR, and multiplex-PCR showed that the 12S rRNA primer gene successfully amplified DNA for each species bovine, dog, pig, and rat, which are respectively indicated by 155, 244, 357, and 491 bp of DNA bands. In addition, multiplex-PCR with 12S rRNA gene primers can be uniquely and accurately used for detection bovine, dog, pig, and rat species on beef meatball in one reaction.