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Cronobacter Species in Powdered Infant Formula and Their Detection Methods
Korean J. Food Sci. An. 2018;38:376-390
Published online April 30, 2018
© 2018 Korean Society for Food Science of Animal Resources

Xinjie Song1,†, Hui Teng2,†, Lei Chen2, and Myunghee Kim1,*

1Department of Food Science and Technology, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan 38541, Korea
2College of Food Science, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350002, China
Correspondence to: Myunghee Kim
Department of Food Science and Technology, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan 38541, Korea
Tel: +82-53-810-2958 Fax: +82-53-810-4662 E-mail:
These authors contributed equally to this work
Received November 3, 2017; Revised February 28, 2018; Accepted March 21, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Cronobacter species have been associated with disease outbreaks and sporadic infections, particularly in premature and immunocompromised infants. Cronobacter species can cause foodborne infections such as neonatal meningitis, septicaemia and necrotising enterocolitis. Accordingly, there is an urgent need to control and monitor the Cronobacter species in food, especially in powdered infant formula (PIF) and other baby foods. Therefore, in this review, the isolation and prevalence of Cronobacter species in infant food including PIF and the recent advance of detection methods are discussed for the better understanding on the current research status of Cronobacter species.
Keywords : Cronobacter species, powdered infant formula, isolation, prevalence, detection

August 2018, 38 (4)