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Association between Egg Consumption and Metabolic Disease
Korean J. Food Sci. An. 2018;38:209-223
Published online April 30, 2018
© 2018 Korean Society for Food Science of Animal Resources

Seon-Joo Park1, Ji-hye Jung2, Sang-Woon Choi3,4, and Hae-Jeung Lee1,*

1Department of Food and Nutrition, College of BioNano Technology, Gachon University, Seongnam 13120, Korea
2Institute for Clinical Nutrition, Inje University, Seoul 04551, Korea
3Chaum Life Center, CHA University School of Medicine, Seoul 06062, Korea
4Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, Medford 02155, USA
Correspondence to: Hae-Jeung Lee
Department of Food and Nutrition, College of BioNano Technology, Gachon University, Seongnam 13120, Korea
Tel: +82-31-750-5968 Fax: +82-31-750-5974 E-mail: skysea@gachon.ac.kr, skysea1010@gmail.com
Received February 8, 2018; Revised February 22, 2018; Accepted February 28, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
The effect of high egg intake on metabolic syndrome (MetS), a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), has not been clearly elucidated. This study was conducted to review the literature related to egg consumption and the risk of metabolic disease as well as to examine the association between high egg intake and MetS in Korean adults. A literature review was conducted using published papers in PubMed and EMBASE through December 2017. We have reviewed 26 articles, which were associated with egg consumption and metabolic diseases, and found that the results were controversial. Therefore, we analyzed data from 23,993 Korean adults aged 19 yrs and older. MetS was defined based on criteria from the Adult Treatment Panel III. Egg consumption of 4-6 times/wk and 1 time/day were significantly associated with reduced prevalence of MetS (Odds ratio (OR)=0.82; 95% Confidence interval (CI)=0.71-0.95 for 4-6 times/wk, OR=0.83; 95% CI=0.69-0.99 for 1 time/day) compared to those who consumed eggs less than once monthly. However, consuming two or more eggs per day was not associated with MetS. As for the components of MetS, an egg intake of once daily decreased the prevalence of abdominal obesity and an intake of 2-7 eggs weekly was shown to prevent a reduction in the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. This study suggests that while consuming eggs 4-7 times weekly is associated with a lower prevalence of MetS, consuming two or more eggs daily is not associated with a reduced risk for MetS.
Keywords : egg consumption, metabolic syndrome, Korean


June 2018, 38 (3)